2014/10/27

Sharifi-ha House:德黑蘭旋轉動態住宅

  
原刊登於大誌雜誌9月 the Big Issue Taiwan Sept. 2014, photo © Parham Taghioff

伊朗青年建築師Alireza Taghaboni主持的Nextoffice建築事務所,在首都德黑蘭設計了一幢「動態」建築。

抵禦氣候變化是建築的基本功能,日照降雨雖有固定季節時效,但建築設計總難以面面俱到,Taghaboni大膽地在「Sharifi-ha」住宅設計案中,讓三個箱型空間能輕觸開關就旋轉90度,在炎熱的夏天擁有往外延伸的大露台,在寒冷的德黑蘭冬天則關閉以抵禦風雪,當然也可依照生活需要或接待過夜賓客隨時啟用。如同伊朗傳統住宅中既有的季節因應模式,開啟或封閉部分建築以改變容積,滿足夏季客廳與冬季客廳的不同生活型態,在21世紀以自動化的方式呈現。住宅共有七層樓,入口旁的玻璃水池,讓地下的泳池及健身區透進天光,貫穿二樓至五樓的挑空中庭,兼顧日照並區分空間機能。

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